Elementary Particle Physics in a Nutshell

SPA6306 - Elementary Particle Physics - 2018/19
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Elektronica topcadeaus Korting op parfum Cadeauwinkel Cadeaukaarten Kerst voordeel. Samenvatting """The Standard Model is the theory of elementary building blocks of matter and of their forces. It is the most comprehensive physical theory ever developed, and has been experimentally tested with high accuracy. While most texts on this subject emphasise theoretical aspects, this textbook contains examples of basic experiments, before going into the theory.

This allows readers to see howmeasurements and theory interplay in the development of physics. The author examines leptons, hadrons and quarks, before presenting the dynamics and the surprising properties of the charges of the different forces. The textbook concludes with a brief discussion on the recent discoveries of physics beyond the Standard Model, and its connections with cosmology.

Each chapter ends in the exercises, and solutions to some problems are included in the book. Complete solutions are available to instructors at www. This textbook is suitable for advanced undergraduate students and graduate students. Toon meer Toon minder. Recensie s 'I liked the first edition very much, and used it for my classes.

I like the second edition even better Best of all, for the current version, there are some timely additions, most notably the discovery of the Higgs boson and an expanded chapter on neutrino oscillations Let us hope that Run 2 at the LHC will necessitate the writing of a third edition of this wonderful book.

This novel feature of the second edition makes [the book] even more attractive Cifarelli, Il Nuovo Saggiatore 'What is special about this book is that it requires very little effort for the [reader] to like it. It is very well presented and Ishak, Contemporary Physics Review of the first edition: A particle is stable if there exist no processes in which a particle disappears and in its place different particles appear.

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Physicists' name for the theory of fundamental particles and their interactions. It is widely tested and is accepted as correct by particle physicists. The interaction responsible for binding quarks, antiquarks, and gluons to make hadrons. Residual strong interactions provide the nuclear binding force. A type of circular accelerator in which the particles travel in synchronized bunches at fixed radius.

Samenvatting

The third flavour of charged lepton in order of increasing mass , with electric charge Its mass is much greater than any other quark or lepton. The reconstruction of a "track" left in a detector by the passage of a particle through the detector. The quantum principle, first formulated by Heisenberg, that states that is is not possible to know exactly both the position x and the momentum p of an object at the same time.

The same is true with energy and time see virtual particle. A particle that exists only for an extremely brief instant in an intermediary process. Then the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle allows an apparent violation of the conservation of energy. However, if one sees only the initial decaying particle and the final decay products, one observes that the energy is conserved.

A carrier particle of the weak interactions.

Recensie(s)

This is called the antiparticle. An abbreviation for linear accelerator, that is, an accelerator that has no bends in it. Novik - - In I. This work is often motivated by the hierarchy problem and is constrained by existing experimental data. Protons have a basic structure of two up quarks and one down quark bound together by gluons. Demonstration 4 22 Oct File 84KB. Ishak, Contemporary Physics Review of the first edition:

It is involved in all electric-charge-changing weak processes. The interaction responsible for all processes in which flavour changes, hence for the instability of heavy quarks and leptons, and particles that contain them. Weak interactions that do not change flavour or charge have also been observed. It is involved in all weak processes that do not change flavour. The following sites offer basic introductions to Elementary Particle Physics that are suitable for this course: The following are the home pages of the major particle physics laboratories around the world: The following are the home pages of the major particle physics experiments around the world.

Griffiths c Book Elementary particle physics in a nutshell Christopher G. By the end of the course, the successful student is expected to: Past Papers library link URL. The following books contain information relevant to this course. Second Edition This book covers most of course at about the right level but is somewhat dated now and doesn't include new results on CP violation or anything on neutrino oscillations.

De Angelis and M. M Pimenta, Springer This book covers most of course at about the right level from the experimental point of view. Elementary Particle Physics in a Nutshell Christopher G Tully, Princeton This book covers most of course but at a slightly too advanced level for this course.

Standard Model of Elementary Particles

Introduction to High Energy Physics D. Perkins, Addison Wesley Third Edition This book covers most of the course except some of the newer topics. Quarks and Leptons F. Martin, Wiley This book is an excellent Introductory Course in Modern Particle Physics for postgraduates and is generally much too mathematical for this course.

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Thomson, Cambridge This book is an excellent review of particle physics of both the theoretical and experimental aspect. It's all examinable material apart from the History that is "study" material. The examinable material will be the same as in previous years. Usually, the most mathematical part of the sections is not used. Please see the slides for clarification. Released the neutrinos slides. Released the Kaon and B mixing slides. Updated the Quantum Electrodynamics and Weak interactions slides. Replaced the Detector slides with an updated version with additional clarification 1 additional page, page 35 on the Cherenkov effect.

Relativistic Kinematic File Quantum Numbers File Feyman Diagrams File 1. Hadron Hadron Interactions File Deep Inelastic Scattering File Heavy Quarks File 1. Weak Interactions File 2. Electroweak Interactions File 3. Kaon and B mixing File 2. Beyond the Standard Model File 5. Demonstration 1 1 Oct File Demonstration 1 Solutions File Demonstration 2 8 Oct File Demonstration 2 Solutions File Demonstration 3 15 Oct File Demonstration 3 Solutions File Demonstration 4 22 Oct File 84KB.

Demonstration 4 Solutions File Demonstration 5 29 Oct File KB. Demonstration 5 Solutions File Demonstration 6 12 Nov File Demonstration 6 solutions File Demonstration 7 19 Nov File Demonstration 7 solutions File Demonstration 8 26 Nov File Demonstration 8 solutions File KB. Demonstration 9 3 Dec File DEmonstration 9 solutions File Demonstration 10 12 December File Demonstration 10 solutions File Assignments will normally be posted one week before the due date. Basic rules regarding the handed-in homework: Always put your name and the script number at the top, and make sure it's clearly written.

Write clearly and legibly. Use formulae with symbols to solve the exercises and substitute the numbers only at the very last step. The weekly homework sheets will appear here in due time. Homework 2 deadline 24 Oct File Homework 3 deadline Nov 14 File Homework 4 deadline Nov 28 File Homework 5 deadline 12 Dec [H2 iii and iv will not be marked due to a typo in the question File Homework 5 deadline 12 December - H2 ii and iv typo is fixed.

The questions iii and iv will be corrected if you solve them but not marked File 72KB. Accelerator A machine used to accelerate particles to high speeds and thus high energy compared to their rest-mass energy. Annihilation A process in which a particle meets its corresponding antiparticle and both disappear. Antimatter Material made from antifermions.

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Antiparticle For every fermion type there is another fermion type that has exactly the same mass but the opposite value of all other charges quantum numbers. Antiquark The antiparticle of a quark.

Astrophysics The physics of astronomical objects such as stars and galaxies. B-factory An accelerator designed to maximize the production of B mesons. Baryon A hadron made from three quarks. Beam The particle stream produced by an accelerator usually clustered in bunches. Big Bang Theory The theory of an expanding universe that begins as an infinitely dense and hot medium. Charge A quantum number carried by a particle. Charge Conservation The observation that electric charge is conserved in any process of transformation of one group of particles into another.

Collider An accelerator in which two beams traveling in opposite directions are steered together to provide high-energy collisions between the particles in one beam and those in the other. Colour Charge The quantum number that determines participation in h2 interactions. Confinement The property of the h2 interaction that quarks or gluons are never found separately but only inside colour-neutral composite objects. Conservation When a quantity e. Cosmology The study of the history of the universe. Dark Matter Matter that is in space but is not visible to us because it emits no radiation by which to observe it.

Decay A process in which a particle disappears and in its place different particles appear. Electric Charge The quantum number that determines participation in electromagnetic interactions. Electromagnetic Interaction The interaction due to electric charge; this includes magnetic interactions. Electron e The least massive electrically-charged particle, hence absolutely stable.

Electroweak Interaction In the Standard Model, electromagnetic and weak interactions are related unified ; physicists use the term electroweak to encompass both of them. Event What occurs when two particles collide or a single particle decays. Fixed-Target Experiment An experiment in which the beam of particles from an accelerator is directed at a stationary or nearly stationary target. Flavour The name used for the different quarks types up, down, strange, charm, bottom, top and for the different lepton types electron, muon, tau. Fundamental Interaction In the Standard Model the fundamental interactions are the electromagnetic, weak, strong and gravitational interactions.

Particle physics

Fundamental Particle A particle with no internal substructure. Generation A set of one of each charge type of quark and lepton, grouped by mass. Gluon g The carrier particle of the strong interactions. Graviton The carrier particle of the gravitational interactions; not yet directly observed. Interaction A process in which a particle decays or it responds to a force due to the presence of another particle as in a collision.

Kaon K A meson containing a strange quark and an anti-up or anti-down quark, or an anti-strange quark and an up or down quark. Lepton A fundamental fermion that does not participate in strong interactions. Linacs An abbreviation for linear accelerator, that is, an accelerator that has no bends in it.

Mass The rest mass of a particle is the mass defined by the energy of the isolated free particle at rest, divided by the speed of light squared. Meson A hadron made from an even number of quark constituents The basic structure of most mesons is one quark and one antiquark. Muon The second flavour of charged leptons in order of increasing mass , with electric charge Muon Chamber The outer layers of a particle detector capable of registering tracks of charged particles. Neutral Having a net charge equal to zero. Neutrino A lepton with no electric charge.

Nucleus A collection of neutrons and protons that forms the core of an atom plural: Particle A subatomic object with a definite mass and charge. Pauli Exclusion Principle Fermions obey a rule called the Pauli Exclusion Principle, which states that no two fermions can exist in the same state at the same time. Photon The carrier particle of electromagnetic interactions.

Quantum The smallest discrete amount of any quantity plural: Quantum Mechanics The laws of physics that apply on very small scales. Quark q A fundamental fermion that has strong interactions. Residual Interaction Interaction between objects that do not carry a charge but do contain constituents that have that charge. Rest Mass The rest mass of a particle is the mass defined by the energy of the isolated free particle at rest, divided by the speed of light squared.

Christopher G. Tully, Elementary Particle Physics in a Nutshell - PhilPapers

Spin Intrinsic angular momentum. Stable Does not decay. Standard Model Physicists' name for the theory of fundamental particles and their interactions. Strong interaction The interaction responsible for binding quarks, antiquarks, and gluons to make hadrons. Subatomic Particle Any particle that is small compared to the size of the atom. Synchrotron A type of circular accelerator in which the particles travel in synchronized bunches at fixed radius.

Tau The third flavour of charged lepton in order of increasing mass , with electric charge Track The record of the path of a particle traversing a detector. Tracking The reconstruction of a "track" left in a detector by the passage of a particle through the detector.

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Uncertainty Principle The quantum principle, first formulated by Heisenberg, that states that is is not possible to know exactly both the position x and the momentum p of an object at the same time. Virtual Particle A particle that exists only for an extremely brief instant in an intermediary process. W Boson A carrier particle of the weak interactions. Weak Interaction The interaction responsible for all processes in which flavour changes, hence for the instability of heavy quarks and leptons, and particles that contain them.

Z Boson A carrier particle of the weak interactions. Introductions to Elementary Particle Physics The following sites offer basic introductions to Elementary Particle Physics that are suitable for this course: The Major Particle Physics Laboratories The following are the home pages of the major particle physics laboratories around the world: The Major Particle Physics Experiments The following are the home pages of the major particle physics experiments around the world.

The long baseline neutrino experiment in Japan: The experiments at LHC: